The world of Giorgio de Chirico. Dream or Reality is an interesting proposal for this summer and fall 2017 that brings the general public closer to the singular figure and artistic motivations of Giorgio de Chirico (Volos, Greece, 1888 – Rome, 1978), delving into his metaphysical and imaginary world to discover and get to know a great master of visual art, writing and critical and theoretical reflection. An innovator who changed the destiny of modern art, with significant resonances and inspirations in contemporary art.

His work is characterized by an incessant research at different levels: the technical, the aesthetic and the artistic idea and his constant search for iconographic and symbolic discoveries. For De Chirico, the pictorial technique had to demonstrate the knowledge of the craft; the aesthetic result – the sum of technique and style – must always be an objective. However, it is the iconographic and compositional idea that truly acts as a bridge between classical and contemporary art.

Through his meditations on reality, deepened with readings of Nietzsche and Schopenhauer, he interpreted the ambiguity and restlessness of the times in which he lived. In a second moment of maturity, he oriented his search around the technique of painting towards the discovery of the “beautiful pictorial matter”, an essential technical strategy that generates art and beauty.

The exhibition presented at CaixaForum Barcelona, brings together a total of 142 works, mostly from the Fondazione Giorgio and Isa de Chirico, which are completed with loans from more than twenty museums and private collections. The ten paintings contributed by the Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna in Rome, within the framework of a collaboration with the Obra Social “la Caixa” through which a selection of works from the “la Caixa” Collection of Contemporary Art can be seen in that museum, stand out.

De Chirico’s few sculptures produced from 1940 onwards in terracotta and during the years 1968-1970 in bronze, such as the mega sculpture of The Archaeologists, together with a series of watercolors, drawings and lithographs ranging from the metaphysical period to the last graphic creations of neo-metaphysics, expand and complete this retrospective, which also revives thanks to a few drawings made in 1972.

The exhibition – structured in six areas – begins with a collection of portraits and self-portraits that introduce a question about identity: the self and the others. This is followed by metaphysical interiors, linked to his stay in Ferrara, when De Chirico was doing his military service, and the discovery of Renaissance architecture, together with the industrial city with its factories. The third section focuses on Piazza Italia in Rome and the presence of the mannequin that culminates the metaphysical enigma. The last three sections – Mysterious Baths, History and Nature, Classical World and Gladiators – describe a journey to the roots of European culture: the search for intimacy, time, the tension between reality, fiction and theater.

A full program of activities for all audiences accompanies the exhibition, of which a catalog has been published by Obra Social “la Caixa” and Ediciones Invisibles, coordinated by curator Katherine Robinson and with texts by Mariastella Margozzi, Katherine Robinson, María Dolores Jiménez-Blanco and Eugenio Carmona.

Exhibition open to the public from July 19 to October 22, 2017.